Evidence based treatments are those that have been studied, researched, and developed over time. Clinicians that use these treatments are trained and certified to practice them. These treatments have been used successfully on many veterans and civilians who have experienced a traumatic event and are diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
All the listed treatment protocols include an educational component. The treating clinician will also provide relaxation training and help their client learn processes and utilize resources to remain safe during the treatment process and beyond.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
Eye movement and focus help clients address specific traumatic incidents. EMDR uses desensitizing and reprocessing techniques while simultaneously using eye movement and focusing while the client is telling their trauma story.
Stress Inoculation Training (SIT)
This treatment focuses on help with coping skills. Relaxation training is an important component to address anxiety and fear. Breathing exercises are also learned as an important part of relaxation. Assertiveness training is used to help clients learn how to practically express emotions
Prolonged Exposure (PE)
One of the symptoms of PTSD is avoidance. PE involves telling one’s trauma story repeatedly over time. Part of the treatment also includes learning how and practicing reintroduction into those places and events which are triggering even though not traumatic.
Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT)
CPT focuses on writing about one’s traumatic experience. Often those who have a traumatic experience become focused on beliefs about the trauma and its meaning that become distorted when experiencing life after the trauma. This treatment helps challenge assumptions and helps the client recognize and correct distorted thoughts and feelings.
It’s important to remember that each of these treatment programs requires intensive training for the clinicians who provide it. Veterans seeking and/or receiving these treatments should only seek treatment from providers who are trained in these practices.
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